What Agreement Was Signed To Formally Ended Ww1

The Treaty of Versailles (French: Treaty of Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that ended World War I. The treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allies. It was signed at Versailles on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which had led directly to the war. The other central powers on the German side signed separate treaties. [i] Although the armistice signed on November 11, 1918 ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on October 21, 1919. No less than 16 peace treaties were signed at the end of this devastating conflict, one of which is considered the cause of the Second World War, which I am leaving after eight fateful months with conflicting emotions. Looking back at the conference, there is much to approve and yet much to regret. It`s easy to say what should have been done, but harder to have found a way to do it. I would like to confess to those who say that the Treaty is bad and should never have been concluded and that it will put Europe in infinite difficulties in its implementation.

But I would also say in response that empires cannot be broken and that new states can be elevated to their ruins without disruption. Creating new frontiers means creating new problems. One follows the other. While I should have preferred a different peace, I very much doubt that it could have been made, because the necessary ingredients for a peace such as the one I would have missed in Paris. [90] The treaty was comprehensive and complex in the restrictions imposed on post-war German forces (the Reichswehr). These provisions were intended to render the Reichswehr incapable of offensive and to promote international disarmament. [67] [No. 18] By March 31, 1920, Germany had to demobilize enough soldiers to leave an army of no more than 100,000 men in up to seven infantry divisions and three cavalry divisions. The treaty established the organization of divisions and support units, and the General Staff was to be dissolved.

[No. 19] Military schools for officer training were limited to three, one school per branch, and conscription was abolished. Soldiers and non-commissioned officers should be retained for at least twelve years and officers for at least 25 years, with former officers prohibited from participating in military exercises. In order to prevent Germany from assembling a large number of trained men, the number of men allowed to ride prematurely was limited. [n. 20] Of the many provisions of the treaty, one of the most important and controversial required that “Germany assume responsibility for the cause of all loss and damage” during the war (the other members of the Central Powers signed treaties with similar articles). .

Author: daniele130