1.81 The agreement. The UN Convention on the Application of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 on the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and large migratory fish stocks, commonly known as UN fish stocks (UNFA), provides a framework for international cooperation in the conservation and management of these stocks. 1.31 The scope of the review was limited to what is described in the previous paragraph. We did not examine the government`s compliance with international environmental agreements, the effectiveness of programs or ways to achieve their objectives, the pace or progress in addressing environmental issues, or the accuracy or quality of information used by departments. The context and difficulties of any agreement we have reviewed also differ, which is why we must be careful not to generalize our knowledge to all of Canada`s international environmental agreements. To be considered international, the treaty must be intergovernmental; There are bilateral agreements between two governments and more than two multilateral agreements exist. The ENTRI service focuses primarily on multilateral treaties, i.e. treaties signed by three or more nations. There are two main reasons for this: first, it is a reasonable (if not infallible) possibility of sealing contracts that will likely have an impact on global environmental issues within our mandate of the SEDAC; and second, the ENTRI data comes from a multilateral database of contract status information managed by our data provider, IUCN. 1.29 This review was based on the principles of accountability before Parliament and the results achieved for Canadians and examined how the Canadian federal government is responsible for the outcome of its international environmental agreements. We have selected five agreements to use as audit case studies.
We have opted for agreements that reflect different and important environmental issues and represent clear environmental objectives. We have also focused on agreements that have a clear impact on the Canadian environment and for which the federal government is primarily responsible within Canada. The selected international environmental agreements (and responsible federal departments) are: 1.87 In order to review the information provided by the ministry, we have selected four fish stocks that need further review. We saw three straddling stocks – 3NO cod, 3KLMNO Gr-butt (also known as turbot) and 3L northern shrimp, and a large migration stock, bluefin tuna west of 45 degrees. The code before the names of the stands identify the specific stock and refer to its geographical location in the Northwest Atlantic (therefore, we refer only to stocks by species name). (See photo) Between 1857 and 2012, 747 multilateral agreements on the environment were concluded.  After the Intergovernmental Conference in Stockholm in 1972, the creation of international environmental agreements multiplied.  The United Nations has made MMAs popular, most MMAs have been implemented since 1972 at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference).
 The Stockholm Declaration was adopted by the 113 countries attending the conference and was the first major universal document in an environmental issue.  1.1 International environmental agreements reflect important government policies on important environmental issues, and Canadians should know what has been achieved and what has not been achieved through these agreements.