Turkey Libya Agreement Greece

The agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea” and has no legal applicability, the ministers said in their statement. Greece recognizes its territories within the area between the region of Crete and the island of Meyisti as a single coast. On the other hand, Turkey argues that it is mainly the continental shelves and the borders of the EEZs that must be defined between Libya, Egypt and Turkey. The right of South Cyprus to continental status in the Mediterranean and the agreements based on that acceptance are not valid under international law. Even under the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law, southern Cyprus cannot ignore the equal rights of northern Cyprus and unilaterally take decisions on behalf of the Turkish people living on the island. Turkey and the TRNC disputed the agreements and indicated that the Cyprus-Egypt agreement violated Turkey`s continental borders, that southern Cyprus seriously violated the equality rights of the TRNC, and that these violations were contrary to the principle of fair distribution. This is because coastal geography and structure play a very important role in delimiting marine areas. It is the deciding factor in most years, and it is based on two fundamental principles; “The master of the country`s domination over the sea” and “the coastal state must establish this domination on its coasts.” This fundamental principle has been put forward in all related judicial decisions (Malta-Libya case, continental shutdown case in the Aegean Sea, case of Guinea-Bissau). The two agreements denounced by the four Mediterranean countries are a military pact and a maritime agreement signed in November by Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

As summarized above, it would be, according to the principle of non-intervention of the law, to grant Greece only the maritime areas located near the coast of Turkey (whose coasts are the longest in the eastern Mediterranean). With the agreement on Libya, Turkey won a historic victory and crossed the so-called EEZ line, which seriously violated the rights of the TRNC and the Anatolian coast of 533 nautical miles in the eastern Mediterranean to the west. The third decisive achievement was the establishment of Libya as a Turkish maritime neighbour and, conversely, by the principle of “creating diagonal lines” because of Turkey`s reversed geographical location on the world map. This situation will allow Turkey (not Greece) to conclude similar agreements with Egypt and Israel in the future. Egypt also criticized the agreement and called it “illegal.” This week, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s communications director, Fahrettin Altun, tweeted that the military agreement would “improve the security of the Libyan people.” However, details of the memorandums signed on Wednesday have yet to be published. Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN agreement regulating maritime borders and does not recognize the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel. Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias hailed the Agreement between Egypt and Greece as an “exemplary agreement.” However, neither minister disclosed the details of the agreement. The main contribution of the agreement was to ensure the resurgence of the borders of the EEZ and the eleven continents within the eastern Mediterranean, since this is the second agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders – after the agreement with the TRNC – signed in the eastern Mediterranean with a riparian state, while Greece`s agreements with Egypt and southern Cyprus have largely lost their legitimacy.

Author: daniele130