Balfour Agreement 1926

Until 1926, in Canada, the King Byng case raised the question of who had the ultimate constitutional authority. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King challenged the powers of Governor General Julian Byng in a stormy Bundestag election campaign. The Arab revolt was launched in correspondence on June 5, 1916[70] on the basis of the counterpart agreement. [71] However, less than three weeks earlier, the governments of the United Kingdom, France, and Russia had secretly concluded the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which Balfour later called a “totally new method” of dividing the region, after the 1915 agreement “seems to have fallen into oblivion.” [j] The question of who had the ultimate constitutional authority had been raised in Canada in 1926 in the King Byng case, in which Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, in a heated Bundestag election campaign, questioned the powers of Governor General Julian Byng. This was Byng`s refusal to respond to King`s request to dissolve Parliament and proclaim new elections. These events indicated that Britain maintained certain powers over Canada and other semi-autonomous parts of the British Empire. The government in Ottawa, for example, has not fully controlled Canadian foreign policy. More importantly, only the British Parliament was able to amend the British North America Act, the constitutional law that underpinned Canada`s system of government. These war initiatives, including the declaration, are often considered together by historians because they are real or imaginary incompatible, especially with regard to the disposition of Palestine. [87] In the words of Professor Albert Hourani, founder of the Middle East Centre at St Antony`s College, Oxford: “It is impossible to end the dispute over the interpretation of these agreements because they should carry more than one interpretation.” [88] Shortly after returning from Petrograd, Sykes informs Samuel, who then informed of a meeting between Gaster, Weizmann, and Sokolov.

Gaster wrote in his diary on April 16, 1916: “We are offered a Franco-English condo in Palest [ine]. Arab prince to reconcile Arab feelings and, within the framework of the Constitution, a charter for the Zionists for which England would guarantee and which, in any case, would assist us with friction. It is practically coming to a complete realization of our Zionist program. However, we insisted on the national character of the Charter, freedom of immigration and internal autonomy, and at the same time full civil rights for [illegible] and Jews in Palestine. [83] For Sykes, the agreement that bore his name was already outdated even before it was signed –in March 1916, he wrote in a private letter: “In my opinion, the Zionists are now the key to the situation.” [xii] [85] In this case, neither the French nor the Russians were enthusiastic about the proposed wording and, finally, on July 4, Wolf was informed that “the present moment for an announcement is incongruous.” [86] Balfour Report, a report of the Committee on Inter-Imperial Relations at the Imperial Conference in London in 1926, which clarified a new relationship between Britain and the Dominions of Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the Irish Free State. The Balfour report stated that Britain and its dominions were on a constitutionally equal footing. The British government, including Churchill, made it clear that the declaration does not foresee that all of Palestine should be transformed into a Jewish national return, “but that such a home should be created in Palestine.” [xxii] [xxiii] Emir Faisal, king of Syria and Iraq, concluded a formal written agreement with the Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann, designed by T.E. .

Author: daniele130